Weight Cycling: How It Raises Heart Attack and Stroke Risk

Destiny Michael
By Destiny Michael 3 Min Read

Weight Cycling: How It Raises Heart Attack and Stroke Risk

Weight Cycling Increases the Risk of Heart Attack and Stroke

Weight Cycling and Cardiovascular Health

Weight Cycling: How It Raises Heart Attack and Stroke Risk. Losing and regaining weight, known as weight cycling or yo-yo dieting, may stress the heart, experts say.

Impact of Weight Cycling on Cardiovascular Events

People who repeatedly lose and regain weight, termed weight cycling or yo-yo dieting, face a higher risk of heart attack and stroke, regardless of other risk factors, according to a study in JAMA Network Open.

Prevalence of Weight Cycling

In 2020, half of Americans tried to lose weight, but 80 to 95 percent regain it, leading to weight cycling affecting 20 to 55 percent of the population.

Effectiveness of GLP-1 Drugs in Weight Management

GLP-1 drugs like Wegovy or Zepbound prevent weight regain if used continuously, but discontinuation leads to weight regain.

Research Methodology and Findings

A study using data from the Million Veteran Program and the UK Biobank followed participants for four years, finding weight cycling increased cardiovascular risks.

Association Between Weight Cycling and Cardiovascular Risk

In both cohorts, weight cycling raised the risk of cardiovascular events, with each BMI (Body Mass Index) variability increase correlating to a 16 percent higher risk in veterans and 8 percent higher risk in the UK group.

Impact of Race and Ethnicity on Cardiovascular Risk

Risk varied among racial and ethnic groups, with a stronger link to stroke in Black participants and higher cardiovascular death risk in white subjects.

ALSO READ: Heart Disease: Unveiling Risks & Prevention

Previous Research and Implications

Earlier studies confirmed weight cycling’s association with higher mortality rates, emphasizing the need for weight stability.

Potential Mechanisms and Further Considerations

Rapid weight changes may stress the heart, cause vascular dysfunction, or promote inflammatory fatty tissue development.

Importance of Weight Management for Heart Health

Despite risks, weight loss benefits heart health, reducing hypertension, cholesterol, and diabetes risk.

Considerations for GLP-1 Medications

The study didn’t assess GLP-1 drug users, necessitating discussions with healthcare providers for personalized medication decisions.

Overall, the study underscores weight stability’s importance for heart health, urging further research.

 

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